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Understanding and Managing Eczema: A Dermatologist’s Guide

Mashal Afzal:2/22/2023

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a medically proven skin condition for people at every age. Described as red, itchy & flamed skin causing discomfort to people. Eczema is a chronic condition, it can be controlled but not cured. However, those who have eczema can lead happy and comfortable lives with the right care and management techniques.  We will be exploring the causes, symptoms and treatments for Eczema in this blog.

Eczema is thought to be brought on by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, though the exact cause is unknown. Because the skin barrier is less strong in eczema sufferers; irritants and allergens can enter the skin and aggravate it.

What Triggers Eczema

Irritants: Include soaps, detergents, and other chemicals that can aggravate skin conditions

Allergens: Pollen, dust mites, and pet dander can all cause allergic reactions and eczema

Stress: Emotional stress can worsen the immune system as well as eczema

Hormonal changes: Eczema can be brought on by hormonal changes during menstruation or pregnancy

Symptoms of Eczema

Symptoms of Eczema varies from person to person, but the common symptoms are:

  • Scaly, dry skin
  • Inflammation and redness
  • Scratching and itching
  • Blisters or oozing
  • Cracker or thickened Skin
  • Dark patches on skin

A person’s quality of life may significantly be impacted by additional eczema symptoms, such as emotional distress and sleep disruptions.

Treatments for Eczema

The symptoms of eczema can be managed and flare-ups can be avoided with the help of a number of treatment options, but there is no known cure for the condition. The few types of treatments that can help you cure your eczema:

Skin moisturizing products: Helps prevent dryness and lessen itching.

Topical corticosteroids: These are cream-based anti-inflammatory medications that can help lessen inflammation and redness.

Antihistamines: These drugs can ease itching and improve sleep.

Immunosuppressants: Using these drugs, one can lessen inflammation and avoid flare-ups.

Light therapy: Exposure to particular light wavelengths can help lower inflammation and enhance skin health.

Eczema sufferers can also benefit from managing their triggers and altering their way of life in addition to these treatment options. One can also manage Eczema by following these strategies: 

  • Avoiding harsh detergents and soaps
  • Using hypoallergenic and products without fragrances
  • Wearing airy, loose-fitting clothing
  • Try not to scratch your skin
  • Utilizing therapy and relaxation methods to manage stress

In conclusion, eczema is a chronic condition that can be difficult to treat. However, with the appropriate care and management techniques, eczema sufferers can lead happy and comfortable lives. For an accurate diagnosis and a customized treatment plan if you are exhibiting symptoms of eczema, it is crucial to see a dermatologist. You can effectively manage your eczema and enhance your general quality of life by working with your healthcare provider and taking measures to manage your triggers.


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